English Name : Gambooge, Brindleberry, Brindall berry, Malabar Tamarind
Hindi Name : Vrikshamla
Latin name : Garcinia cambogia L.
Sanskrit Name : Vilayati Imli, Kankushta
Description : Garcinia is an herb, which is known to interrupt the synthesis of various lipids, fatty acids, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides has been described in Ayurvedic texts thousands of years ago. The herb is best as an appetite suppressor. The appetite is suppressed by promoting synthesis of glycogen, thus sending the brain signals of satisfaction and fullness sooner.
Garcinia cambogia is a small fruit that resembles a miniature pumpkin. It is indigenous to India and parts of Asia, and an extract from its fruit and rind is popular in many natural weight loss products.
The organic acid known as (-)HCA is the primary acid found in the fruit and rind of G. cambogia. The fruit rind and extracts of G. cambogia are used in many traditional recipes. HCA inhibits lipogenesis, lowers the production of cholesterol and fatty acids, increases the production of glycogen in the liver, suppresses appetite, increases the bodys production of heat by activating the process of thermogenesis. Said to activate digestion and are used as purgatives, in the treatment of worms and parasites, tumours and dysentery. Neither acute nor chronic toxicity is reported with regular consumption of Garcinia products as either food or tonics.
Garcinia Cambogia works by suppressing appetite and inhibiting lipid synthesis.This latter mechanism is based on the theory that inhibition of lipid biosynthesis or enhance lipid metabolism interfere with mechanisms that produce and maintain obesity.
Specifically, HCA prevents the enzyme from catalyzing the cleavage of citrate to acetyl coenzyme A and oxaloacetate. This inhibition significantly reduces the synthesis of triglycerides, cholesterol and body fat, without diminishing energy production. The result is significant loss of body weight in animals made obese genetically and by hypothalamic lesions.